Home > Septic Services Blog > Understanding Septic System Drain Fields

drain fields To understand the importance of proper maintenance of your septic tank and drain field, it is important to understand how your septic system works.  The waste from all drains in your home leads to the septic tank.  Solids, or sludge, will settle at the bottom of the septic tank, while waste water exits the septic tank and continues into pipes designed for the release of the water into your drain field or leach field, where it is treated.

The system is designed to keep all sludge in the septic tank and only allow waste water to continue to the drain field.  This process works quite well with one critical condition: you must keep the sludge below the exit point level in the septic system.  This is why it is crucial that you check your septic tank fill level about once a year and pump the waste approximately every 3-5 years, depending on usage.

The reason that the sludge cannot be permitted to enter the exit system into the drain field is because it clogs up the pipes, slowing the flow of water.  When sludge reaches the drain field, it can literally clog up the entire system, preventing the flow of any water and allowing contaminated waste to enter the soil system.  The most critical problem occurs if this contaminates the ground water.

As a precautionary measure, our team at Quality Septic Inc. provides full system checks, services and repairs compliant with the state of Florida requirements for septic tank owners to ensure the proper function of septic systems and drain fields.  Contact us today to learn more or to schedule service.